88 % of our products
are made in Europe.
88 per cent of our clothes are produced in Europe.
(These are the numbers for our Autumn/Winter 2022 collection)
Italy – 40 %
Italian denim experts have been making our jeans by hand since 1978 – the country is home to the best weaving mills, manufacturers and laundries.
Portugal – 16 %
Our leather handbags are made by a traditional family business. Another Portuguese expert is responsible for shirts and jersey products.
Turkey – 24 %
Our T-shirts and sweatshirts are made from premium cottons by Turkish jersey experts. Our leather garments and lambskin pieces are also made in Turkey.
China – 12 %
Silk and fine materials are handled by our Chinese partners with great know-how. Some of our chinos and jackets are also made here.
Romania – 8 %
We work with Romanian companies specialising in jackets, coats and other on-trend, ready-to-wear products.
India – <1 %
Our partners here are experts in the finer details, such as embroidery on blouses and shawls.
Morocco – <1 %
The special expertise of our partners here: suits.
For us, timeless design means one thing: perfection right from the start. That is why we search the globe for partners who are absolute experts in their fields – and just as uncompromising when it comes to quality. We found most of our collaborators in Europe, where 88 per cent of our products are made. We want to keep delivery channels short – and ecological standards high. This is also true for our suppliers in China and India, who champion eco-friendly and fair practices as much as their colleagues in Europe.
We regularly visit our partners and became friends along the way. We would like to introduce them to you – so you can see who makes your clothes.
Our ready-to-wear garments – mainly coats, jackets and blazers for men and women – are manufactured by Texdata. Texdata has even developed its own ironing press for our Closed blazers. The Romanian company cooperates with local partners to keep transport distances short – for example with a laundry that achieves washing effects using environmentally friendly methods (such as lasers).
Piombino Dese, Italy
A pronounced passion for denim is just one of the characteristics that we share with the Everest laundry. The company from Piombino Dese, a small town near Venice, has accompanied us on our path since 2007. With its many years of expertise, it takes care of the special washings of our Closed jeans. This is about much more than an exceptionally beautiful blue: Just like us, Everest attaches great importance to environmentally friendly processes and develops new standards for jeans that are as sustainable as possible.
Founded in 1976, the company of 80 employees uses denim washing processes for A BETTER BLUE that require little to no water and do not use chemicals. Some techniques are carried out completely by hand. Everest has been working with the Italian weaving mill Candiani, our long-standing denim producer and A BETTER BLUE cooperation partner, for over ten years. Together we develop the jeans of the future.
Amanda and Arthur are a married couple who together run the knitwear agency Aten in Shanghai. Along with their eight employees, they organise the production of our knitwear in three Chinese partner production facilities. What we particularly like about Aten is that the company has a deep understanding of our aesthetics, and it works very reliably and quickly. Over the ten years of working with the agency, Aten has become a loyal partner that tries to make everything possible.
Esvap Konfeksiyon San. Dış Tic. Ltd. Şti.
Esvap in Istanbul has been producing knitwear for us since 2013. In conjunction with our designers, a new knitting machine file is developed for every jumper or cardigan – no easy task, especially for patterned garments. The machine-knitted pieces are stitched together by hand and finished with great attention to detail. The finished knitwear is constantly checked to make sure it meets Esvap’s high standards. By the way, Esvap predominantly uses high-grade Italian yarns from Pecci Filati for our knits.
The Store S.r.l.
Men's Pants (Sewing Workshop)
The Store is our absolute expert for high-end chinos and woollen pants. The sewing shop works very precisely and with a great deal of attention to detail, for instance creating the models in our Closed x Bergdorf Goodman cooperation. We are extremely pleased with this small company out in the country and its typical Italian understanding for men's trousers.
Otto Deri Pazarlama ve Dış Tic. Ltd. Şti.
Leather and Fur
Otto specialises in leather and fur used to make high-quality clothing. Many of the leather experts who work for Otto in Istanbul have been with the company since it opened in 2012. Closed was the first client – we worked with Otto’s founder before he started his own company. The patterns for our leather and lambskin garments are drawn by hand in the pattern making department of the light-flooded white building. One pattern maker usually draws three or four patterns per day. A cutting expert then produces the final patterns with a machine for Otto’s 20 cutters. The cutting department is a very quiet area. The staff here are fully focused while they work, treating the valuable leather and fur very carefully.
Other departments at Otto include quality control, merchandising and the sample stitching workshop – a buzzing room with clattering sewing machines. There is also an ironing room and a finishing area, where the garments are trimmed using high-tech machines.
By the way, all of the lambskin which Otto uses to make our jackets and coats is sourced from La Doma in Barcelona. This long-standing firm uses an eco-friendly process which conserves water to tan the leather by hand without bleaching it. Good to know – all of the lambskin and leather used by Closed is a by-product of the meat industry.
Donglong Feather Manufacture Co. Ltd.
Some of our outerwear is created at Donglong, mainly jackets lined with Thinsulate™ Featherless by 3M™. This material is an innovative down alternative that we have been using since 2015. Donglong has invested a lot of time and know-how in working with 3M™ to develop the appropriate filling technology, as Closed was one of the first companies in the apparel sector to work with 3M™. The technical materials that Donglong processes are produced in China, keeping transport routes short.
Denim (Sewing Workshop)
The longest-standing partner of all our partners! Closed has been working hand in hand with the Paul sewing shop since the beginning, with our first Pedal Pusher jeans being sewn here. Several years ago, we developed some iconic features together that are still signatures of Closed today, for example our X-pockets, the sacrum cut on the rear of our jeans, the fly label on the front of the fly, and our triple stitching.
In the Italian family business, each component of our jeans is accompanied by one of their 60 experts. Paolo Galassi, who took over the company from his father, has been running the business with Mario Ceccarelli for almost 30 years. They cultivate their craft by investing in creativity and sustainability.
The name of our jersey specialists is Caifai. They produce tops and T-shirts for Closed. The family business was founded in 1987 by married couple Conceição and David Simões. At Caifai, our designs are implemented with the help of state-of-the-art CAD/CAM software, which guarantees particularly precise planning, keeping material waste to a minimum. Every finished garment undergoes a quality control check and is carefully ironed and packed by hand – so that it arrives in perfect condition at our destination.
Cafai is a real family business. Two generations and their relatives are at the helm of the company today. In order to support the constantly growing business, even the son of the founders, André Simões, hung up his doctor's coat, and is now working in management.
The name Pecci has been synonymous with high aesthetic standards and craftsmanship since Luigi Pecci founded the yarn manufactory in 1884. One of the guiding principles of the founder was, "Focus on the things that unite, rather than those that divide." What unites us with Pecci is the firm conviction that quality always comes before quantity. And that it's always worth rolling up your sleeves.
Whether merino, baby alpaca, natural or synthetic fibers (which, by the way, are not added because it would be cheaper, but because they provide structure), whether viscose or silk: Pecci Filati is one of the oldest yarn producers and textile families in Prato, the textile district of Italy. With their employees, they create something very special: incredibly rich, vibrant colours. We don't buy ready-made wool blends, but each tone is designed by an expert.
San Giovanni Ilarione, Italy
Our leather footwear is specially developed at Stil-Tre in Veneto, the heart of Italy’s luxury footwear industry. The experts at Stil-Tre are meticulous about every detail – from the choice of leather, through the sketches and cutting, down to the very last seam. After all, we expect our footwear not only to look fabulous but also to offer comfort and the best fit. Many of the work steps are done by hand. The finished samples come in every size, and experts from Stil-Tre use them to train our local footwear manufacturers.
São Martinho do Campo, Portugal
Tranquil São Martinho do Campo is where most of our shirts and blouses are produced. With "profession and passion", the motto of the founders of the company, Agostinho Pereira and José Almeida. What began as the small-scale production of shirts for men was gradually extended to include women’s clothing. Today, Mundicorte is a flourishing family business where sons, nephews and cousins work in various positions within the company. And, of course, the well-trained specialists who work in the bright, modern workshops. Many of them their entire working life, from apprenticeship through to retirement.
Denim (Weaving Mill)
It's amazing how green blue jeans can be: The Italian family business Candiani, located in a nature reserve near Milan, has 80 years of denim experience and extremely high standards of work. This applies not only to quality and production, but also to environmental protection. Using the latest technology means that Candiani consumes 15 per cent less water and energy. It is also called the greenest denim factory in Europe because of its sustainable and innovative inventions. The perfect partner for Closed – for almost all our jeans and for our environmentally friendly denim line A BETTER BLUE.
Daro’s David & Soares Lda.
Bags & Leather Accessories
São Pedro da Cova, Portugal
Daro’s has been manufacturing our bags and leather accessories since 2013. The company’s headquarters in São Pedro da Cova are brand new and futuristic, yet it is all about traditional craftsmanship. All the samples and small parts are cut at Daro’s by hand. The edges of our leather bags are also hand-painted and sanded – the process is repeated up to four times for the perfect result. The employees work together on an idea with passion and know-how – to produce leather goods that combine craftsmanship, tradition and the latest trends. Just like us, they believe: Every detail counts.
Daro’s is a family business. In 1972, shortly after the birth of her daughter Carla, Celeste Oliveira Soares set up her own leather goods business. She was so successful that her husband David Roque joined in 1981 – and the couple founded today’s Daro’s, which is a play on the letters of both names. Daughter Carla manages the company, while son Paulo is in charge of material purchasing and finances. And the third generation, granddaughter Ines, is at university already gearing up to go.
China Red Textiles Ltd.
Blouses and Dresses
China Red produces our delicate items made of flowing fabrics, such dresses or bloused made of silk – which also originates in China. The employees at the production plant are extremely familiar with delicate materials, which are very difficult to process. They have a special feeling for the finest details and work very precisely. Recently, China Red converted the production facility and equipped it with the latest technology to work even more efficiently.
Union Apparel International Ltd.
Hong Kong, China
We have been working with Union Apparel for almost 20 years. Philip Law is the founder and managing director of the company, which boasts two production facilities, and he has been a good friend for many years. The cooperation with him and his employees is not only very congenial, but also runs very smoothly – Union Apparel (UA) understands exactly what details are particularly important to us and impresses us again and again with its special understanding of fashion and trends. Union Apparel processes materials from Asia, keeping transport routes short.
Textile manufacturer Philip Law’s
take on innovation in China
Straight-talking, fastidious Hong Konger Philip Law rose from humble origins to lead his own textile manufacturing business
with factories across Guangdong Province in southern China. Law set up Union Apparel over 20 years ago –
and has been our production partner ever since. Today, he shows no signs of slowing down, even as the industry switches gears across China.
Once the world’s manufacturing hub, the rising cost of labour has shifted much of national production out of the country towards South-East Asian neighbours. Ever the innovator, Law has steered his business into safe waters despite these big changes.
When did your quest for innovation start?
It started from the first day. This is the age of innovation and there’s been rapid change. You need to be in line with the changes and always be looking for something new and innovative. The most important thing is that I am still passionate about this industry. I love my work, and I love the customers.
What innovations are you most proud of?
Setting is important. As you can see in our office in Hong Kong, we always have some element of art and architecture to support the creative atmosphere, to be able to develop more innovation. We make our spaces interesting.
What are the core values of Union Apparel?
Our core values are loyalty to customers and employees’ well-being. We treat our staff properly. Product quality, awareness of the environment, sustainability. Also having harmonious relationships with our customers. That’s important. Because our top five customers have been with us since we started over 20 years ago, including Closed. That shows we have been doing the right thing. Otherwise, customers will disappear. We believe in long-term relationships, understanding each other’s needs.
What has changed most with Union Apparel over the years?
We once had a big set-up, about a thousand workers, but that is no longer the case. It’s impossible because our wages are the most expensive in the region. We now have a set-up of smaller factories in different towns in Guangdong Province. It’s easier to recruit labour that way. Many factories have closed down because of the cost of labour and other reasons, so we are quite lucky that our changes will contribute to a longer future for us.
Text by Sarah Karacs, FvF
Istanbul-based Sezer is our expert for premium men’s jackets. From pattern making to sample production and from sewing to packing the finished products, the staff at Sezer work precisely, complete much of the work by hand, and pay attention to every single detail. Many of the employees have been at the firm for a long time.
Our men's jeans, jeans jackets and denim chinos are sewn at Incom. We value the excellent work we do together, and above all the great exchange of ideas. Incom regularly attends trade fairs, is always well informed, and always presents us with fresh inspiration.
The Makers is our production partner in Morocco for high-quality suits and jackets for men. The history of this traditional company began in 1946 when the brothers Miel and Janus van Gils founded their company in the south of the Netherlands. It grew rapidly and production facilities in Belgium, Portugal and Morocco were added gradually. Today, The Makers is still family-owned, and the company is run from Breda in the Netherlands. Beau van Gils, grandson of Miel van Gils, is often on-site in Morocco to conduct training for the tailors. We value The Makers for their great attention to detail and their special eye for the perfect fit.
Cinturificio G.&G. S.r.l.
Saletto di Vigodarzere, Italy
Cinturificio G. & G. has been our specialist for high-quality belts for more than three decades. The small family business truly deserves this name: Giulio Gastaldello founded the company in 1983 and still works there, together with his wife Carla Gesuato and their children Alessandra and Enrico. Alessandra has three small children who often spend time at the belt factory as well. Cinturificio G. & G. is what "Made in Italy" is all about – creating premium, long-lasting products almost entirely by hand, with passion for every little detail. To achieve the highest product quality, Cinturificio G. & G. only uses the finest Italian leathers for all belts. They are cut, punched, studded, drilled and finished by hand. Almost everyone at the company is able to complete all of the different steps – fascinating!
The buttons and rivets for our jeans are made of brass in the Cobrax button factory in Padua, Italy. At Cobrax, high-tech equipment and robots are in use, while many of the production steps are completed by hand. The company's employees process the shiny material under high safety standards. They punch out the individual button components from brass strips, emboss our logo on them, polish them and assemble them into a finished button. Most of the buttons are then coated or treated with chemical solutions to achieve specific colours. All brass scraps are collected, melted down and reused. Since 2008, Cobrax has been part of the Riri Group, a leading international manufacturer of zips, (press) buttons and rivets.
The La Doma tannery in Centelles near Barcelona treats and dyes high-quality European lambskin. Our Turkish production partner Otto then turns La Doma’s lambskin into our coats and jackets. Peter Colomer, who comes from a family of tanners, manages the company. Over the years, La Doma has continually grown – and the company headquarters grew, too, with the addition of several extensions and reconstruction. Today, 164 employees dye and refine skins in several halls on numerous floors. Depending on their size, the dye drums hold between five and a thousand skins and run for up to 36 hours. Since dyes have to be added at certain times during the dyeing process, La Doma works in shifts. We appreciate the fact that tradition meets innovation, sustainability and creativity in the company. La Doma uses environmentally friendly, water-saving techniques and has a repair shop to fix rather than replace machines. Peter Colomer's wife Elvira develops the seasonal colour collections, often inspired by art.
By the way: the lambskin La Doma processes for Closed is a by-product of the food industry.
Calzaturificio Emmegi S.r.l.
San Giovanni Ilarione, Italy
Our Italian shoe manufacturer Emmegi works exclusively with our other production partner Stil-Tre. In Veneto, the centre of the Italian shoe industry, Stil-Tre develops the samples for our women's and men's shoes in every size. At Emmegi, in the immediate vicinity, the shoes are manufactured for us based on the samples. The two small companies share their great passion for shoes and are in constant exchange with each other. Both exclusively use Italian materials to guarantee the highest quality – and to keep the transport distances short. Many of Emmegi's employees belong to the family of the boss, Giuseppe – the atmosphere in the factory is very warm and friendly.